Drawing

class schemdraw.Drawing(canvas: Backends | xml.etree.ElementTree.Element | matplotlib.pyplot.Axes | None = None, file: str | None = None, show: bool = True, **kwargs)

A schematic drawing

See schemdraw.config method for argument defaults

Parameters:
  • canvas – Canvas to draw on when using Drawing context manager. Can be string ‘matplotlib’ or ‘svg’ to create new canvas with these backends, or an instance of a matplotlib axis, or an instance of xml.etree.ElementTree containing SVG. Default is value set by schemdraw.use().

  • file – optional filename to save on exiting context manager or calling draw method.

  • show – Show the drawing after exiting context manager

here

(xy tuple) Current drawing position. The next element will be added at this position unless specified otherwise.

theta

(float) Current drawing angle, in degrees. The next element will be added with this angle unless specified otherwise.

add(element: Element) Element

Add an element to the drawing.

Parameters:

element – The element to add.

add_elements(*elements: Element) None

Add multiple elements to the drawing

config(unit: float | None = None, inches_per_unit: float | None = None, fontsize: float | None = None, font: str | None = None, color: str | None = None, lw: float | None = None, ls: Literal['-', ':', '--', '-.'] | None = None, fill: str | None = None, bgcolor: str | None = None, margin: float | None = None) None

Set Drawing configuration, overriding schemdraw global config.

Parameters:
  • unit – Full length of a 2-terminal element. Inner zig-zag portion of a resistor is 1.0 units.

  • inches_per_unit – Inches per drawing unit for setting drawing scale

  • fontsize – Default font size for text labels

  • font – Default font family for text labels

  • color – Default color name or RGB (0-1) tuple

  • lw – Default line width for elements

  • ls – Default line style

  • fill – Deault fill color for closed elements

margin: White space around the drawing in drawing units

container(cornerradius: float = 0.3, padx: float = 0.75, pady: float = 0.75)

Add a container to the drawing. Use as a context manager, such that elemnents inside the with are surrounded by the container.

>>> with drawing.container():
>>>    elm.Resistor()
>>>    ...
Parameters:
  • cornerradius – radius for box corners

  • padx – space between contents and border in x direction

  • pady – space between contents and border in y direction

draw(showframe: bool = False, show: bool = True, canvas=None, backend: Literal['svg', 'matplotlib'] | None = None)

Draw the schematic

Parameters:
  • showframe – Show axis frame. Useful for debugging a drawing.

  • show – Show the schematic in a GUI popup window (when outside of a Jupyter inline environment)

  • canvas – ‘matplotlib’, ‘svg’, or Axis instance to draw on

  • backend (deprecated) – ‘matplotlib’ or ‘svg’

Returns:

schemdraw Figure object

get_bbox() BBox

Get drawing bounding box

get_imagedata(fmt: ImageFormat | ImageType = 'svg') bytes

Get image data as bytes array

Parameters:

fmt – Format or file extension of the image type. SVG backend only supports ‘svg’ format.

Returns:

Image data as bytes

get_segments() list[SegmentType]

Get flattened list of all segments in the drawing

interactive(interactive: bool = True)

Enable interactive mode (matplotlib backend only). Matplotlib must also be set to interactive with plt.ion().

move(dx: float = 0, dy: float = 0) None

Move the current drawing position

Parameters:
  • dx – change in x position

  • dy – change in y position

move_from(ref: Point, dx: float = 0, dy: float = 0, theta: float | None = None) None

Move drawing position relative to the reference point. Change drawing theta if provided.

pop() None

Pop/load the drawing state. Location and angle are returned to previously pushed state.

push() None

Push/save the drawing state. Drawing.here and Drawing.theta are saved.

save(fname: str, transparent: bool = True, dpi: float = 72) None

Save figure to a file

Parameters:
  • fname – Filename to save. In Matplotlib backend, the file type is automatically determined from extension (png, svg, jpg). SVG backend only supports saving SVG format.

  • transparent – Save as transparent background, if available

  • dpi – Dots-per-inch for raster formats

set_anchor(name: str) None

Define a Drawing anchor at the current drawing position

undo() None

Removes previously added element

Element

class schemdraw.elements.Element(*args, **kwargs)

Standard circuit element.

Keyword Arguments are equivalent to calling setter methods.

Parameters:

d – Drawing direction (‘up’, ‘down’, ‘left’, ‘right’)

anchors

Dictionary of anchor positions in element coordinates

absanchors

Dictionary of anchor positions in absolute drawing coordinates

segments

List of drawing primitives making up the element

transform

Transformation from element to drawing coordinates

absdrop

Drop position in drawing coordinates, set after the element is added to a drawing

defaults

Default parameters for the element

Type:

ChainMap[str, Any]

Anchor names are dynmically added as attributes after placing the element in a Drawing.

anchor(anchor: str) Element

Specify anchor for placement. The anchor will be aligned with the position specified by at() method.

at(xy: XY | tuple['Element', str], dx: float = 0, dy: float = 0) Element

Set the element xy position

Parameters:

xy – (x,y) position or tuple of (Element, anchorname)

color(color: str) Element

Sets the element color

Parameters:

color – color name or hex value (ie ‘#FFFFFF’)

down() Element

Set the direction to down

drop(drop: str | Point) Element

Set the drop position - where to leave the current drawing position after placing this element

fill(color: bool | str = True) Element

Sets the element fill color.

Parameters:
  • color – Color string name or hex value, or

  • color. (True to fill with the element line) –

flip() Element

Apply flip up/down

get_bbox(transform=False, includetext=True)

Get element bounding box

Parameters:
  • transform – Apply the element transform to the bbox to get bounds in Drawing coordinates

  • includetext – Consider text when calculating bounding box. Text width and height can vary by font, so this produces an estimate of bounds.

Returns:

Corners of the bounding box, (xmin, ymin, xmax, ymax)

hold() Element

Do not move the Drawing here position after placing this element

label(label: str | Sequence[str], loc: LabelLoc | None = None, ofst: XY | float | None = None, halign: Halign | None = None, valign: Valign | None = None, rotate: bool | float = False, fontsize: float | None = None, font: str | None = None, mathfont: str | None = None, color: str | None = None)

Add a label to the Element.

Parameters:
  • label – The text string or list of strings. If list, each string will be evenly spaced along the element (e.g. [‘-’, ‘V’, ‘+’])

  • loc – Label position within the Element. Either (‘top’, ‘bottom’, ‘left’, ‘right’), or the name of an anchor within the Element.

  • ofst – Offset from default label position

  • halign – Horizontal text alignment (‘center’, ‘left’, ‘right’)

  • valign – Vertical text alignment (‘center’, ‘top’, ‘bottom’)

  • rotate – True to rotate label with element, or specify rotation angle in degrees

  • fontsize – Size of label font

  • font – Name/font-family of label text

  • mathfont – Name/font-family of math text

  • color – Color of label

left() Element

Set the direction to left

linestyle(ls: Literal['-', ':', '--', '-.']) Element

Sets the element line style

Parameters:

ls – Line style (‘-’, ‘:’, ‘–’, ‘-.’).

linewidth(lw: float) Element

Sets the element line width

Parameters:

lw – Line width

reverse() Element

Apply reverse left/right

right() Element

Set the direction to right

scale(scale: float = 1) Element

Apply scale/zoom factor to element

scalex(scale: float = 1) Element

Apply horizontal scale/zoom to element

scaley(scale: float = 1) Element

Apply vertical scale/zoom to element

style(color: str | None = None, fill: str | None = None, ls: Literal['-', ':', '--', '-.'] | None = None, lw: float | None = None) Element

Apply all style parameters

Parameters:
  • color – Color string or hex value

  • fill – Color string or hex

  • ls – Line style (‘-’, ‘:’, ‘–’, ‘-.’)

  • lw – Line width

theta(theta: float) Element

Set the drawing direction angle in degrees

up() Element

Set the direction to up

zorder(zorder: int) Element

Sets the element zorder. Higher zorders will be drawn above lower zorder elements.

Element2Term

class schemdraw.elements.Element2Term(*args, **kwargs)

Two terminal element. The element leads can be automatically extended to the start and ending positions.

Anchors:
  • start

  • center

  • end

dot(open: bool = False) Element2Term

Add a dot to the end of the element

down(length: float | None = None) Element

Set the direction to down

endpoints(start: Tuple[float, float] | Point, end: Tuple[float, float] | Point) Element2Term

Sets absolute endpoints of element

idot(open: bool = False) Element2Term

Add a dot to the input/start of the element

left(length: float | None = None) Element

Set the direction to left

length(length: float) Element2Term

Sets total length of element

right(length: float | None = None) Element

Set the direction to right

to(xy: Tuple[float, float] | Point, dx: float = 0, dy: float = 0) Element2Term

Sets ending position of element

Parameters:
  • xy – Ending position of element

  • dx – X-offset from xy position

  • dy – Y-offset from xy position

tox(x: float | XY | Element) Element2Term

Sets ending x-position of element (for horizontal elements)

toy(y: float | XY | Element) Element2Term

Sets ending y-position of element (for vertical elements)

up(length: float | None = None) Element

Set the direction to up

ElementDrawing

class schemdraw.elements.ElementDrawing(*args, **kwargs)

Create an element from a Drawing

Parameters:

drawing – The Drawing instance to convert to an element

ElementImage

class schemdraw.elements.ElementImage(*args, **kwargs)

Element from an Image file

Parameters:
  • image – Image filename

  • width – Width to draw image in Drawing

  • height – Height to draw image in Drawing

  • xy – Origin (lower left corner)

Element Style

schemdraw.elements.style(style)

Set global element style

Parameters:

style – dictionary of {elementname: Element} to change the element module namespace. Use elements.STYLE_US or elements.STYLE_IEC to define U.S. or European/IEC element styles.

schemdraw.config(unit: float = 3.0, inches_per_unit: float = 0.5, lblofst: float = 0.1, fontsize: float = 14.0, font: str = 'sans-serif', color: str = 'black', lw: float = 2.0, ls: Literal['-', ':', '--', '-.'] = '-', fill: str | None = None, bgcolor: str | None = None, margin: float = 0.1) None

Set global schemdraw style configuration

Parameters:
  • unit – Full length of a 2-terminal element. Inner zig-zag portion of a resistor is 1.0 units.

  • inches_per_unit – Inches per drawing unit for setting drawing scale

  • lblofst – Default offset between element and its label

  • fontsize – Default font size for text labels

  • font – Default font family for text labels

  • color – Default color name or RGB (0-1) tuple

  • lw – Default line width for elements

  • ls – Default line style

  • fill – Deault fill color for closed elements

  • margin – White space around the drawing in drawing units

schemdraw.theme(theme='default')

Set schemdraw theme (line color and background color). Themes match those in jupyter-themes package (https://github.com/dunovank/jupyter-themes).

Available themes:
  • default (black on white)

  • dark (white on black)

  • solarizedd

  • solarizedl

  • onedork

  • oceans16

  • monokai

  • gruvboxl

  • gruvboxd

  • grade3

  • chesterish

schemdraw.use(backend: Literal['svg', 'matplotlib'] = 'matplotlib') None

Change default backend, either ‘matplotlib’ or ‘svg’